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The Importance of Job Descriptions - 12 Points to Consider

The importance of job descriptions is often undermined by business owners' heavy workloads. When you're juggling a wide range of priorities on a daily basis, including putting out the occasional fire, developing job descriptions usually falls to the bottom of the list. 

And why bother writing job descriptions for your current employees? Job descriptions are just for recruiting purposes, right?

Wrong. Job descriptions are important for many reasons, and they affect several stakeholders, including employers and employees as well as recruiters. 

Here's why it is worth your time to develop complete job descriptions for each of your employees, existing and yet to come. 

12 Reasons Why Job Descriptions are Important 


For the Employer:

1. Compensation Structure

If done correctly, job descriptions help human resources determine market value of the role in order to avoid pay inequality issues down the road.

2. Coverage

Documented descriptions provide leadership insight to ensure necessary activities, duties and responsibilities are covered by all jobs.

3. Clarity

Job descriptions prevent arbitrary interpretation of a role. 

4. Training & Development

Descriptions serve as a reference point for training and development efforts. 

5. Strategic Planning

Planning for the business' future is one of the most important responsibilities of a company’s leadership team. Accurate job descriptions allow managers to manage the head count and provide needed insight for succession planning, among other things.

6. Legality 

Even though maintaining accurate job descriptions is not a law, it can help organizations stay compliant with other existing employment rules and regulations.

For the Employee, Current or Potential:

7. Transparency 

Employees need to know, if not deserve, what they are expected to do and how to do it. Developed job descriptions help to remove uncertainty and provide confidence to employees.

8. Performance Measurement

Job descriptions also serve as neutral and objective reference points for measuring an employee’s performance. 

9. Conflict Resolution 

In the unfortunate case of an employee/employer dispute, job descriptions are important for solving the issue.

10. Structure

Job descriptions allow the leaders of a company to manage roles in a uniform way. 

For Recruiters: 

11. Recruitment Process

A clear delineation of roles assist a recruiter and the potential candidates in understanding the role and what is required, ensuring that the selected person can properly commit to the job. 

12. Communication 

Well-written job descriptions are important communication tools that allow both employees and candidates to clearly understand the essential duties, the required competences, educational credentials, and experience for the role. This will improve internal and external recruitment processes by ensuring that employee expectations are aligned with business expectations of what the role entails.

Dedicating time to writing/re-writing/updating job descriptions may feel like a waste, but it's just not true. Putting effort into developing quality job descriptions benefits numerous stakeholders: the individuals who work everyday to make your company a success. 

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Editor's Note: Originally published 3/30/15; updated 5/19/20.

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